renewable and nonrenewble resources

 We get energy from the resources which are rich in minerals or have the tendency to generate power and moreover, the resource from where does energy come from are available in our environment or we could even say it’s the natural power that brings us the energy as a blessing.

 So, in this article, we will be studying all such aspects of resources their nature, source definition, traits, uses, and benefits of renewable and nonrenewable resources of energy. Meanwhile, we will also be discussing the importance, character, key distinction points, and drawbacks as well.

Table Of Contents

  • Nature and Meaning
  • Characters/traits
  • Comparison table
  • Various Types
  • Distinction keys
  • Uses and importance
  • Conclusion


When we say renewable and nonrenewable resources of energy, one thing comes to our mind that how the resources are extracted or what is the source of their energy, besides knowing the fact that in order to make or generate energy out of these resources, it will need a great amount of work to extract and pass energy out of the resources.

We as mankind idealize the use of energy since the very first days, when evolution takes place in regards to humans or when early men first ignite fires accidentally with the rubbing of two stones together. On that day we came across one of the natural power in terms of fire and from that day onwards we keep on using fire in various means, so fire as raw energy is one of the greatest inventions of mankind whereas wood act as a fuel which help us in many ways.

Characteristics/Features of Resources

Renewable Resources:

renewable and nonrenewable resources

  • Renewable resource is available in excess quantity in our nature, and such resources will not be going to vanish from our environment i.e. the reason they termed as inexhaustible resources.

  • We can easily make use of them after the process of replenishing and they are readily available to us and are accessible beyond our limit.

  • They play a very significant role in our ecosystem as they consist of a greater portion of the atmosphere, without these resources our ecosystem will be disturbed and unbalanced.

  • They have the capacity to regenerate themselves and at times they even tend to exploit but as we discuss their recovery rate is equitable.

Nonrenewable Resources:

nonrenewable resources

  • We cannot regenerate the nonrenewable resources as there is a shortage in the number of such resources in our environment and these resources are available in limited quantity.

  • We were not even able to recycle them in regards to any other use of them after their success replenishing, so they were of no use and in that means, it contributes zero output to the environment.

  • Nonrenewable resources are also known by the name of exhaustible resources as they exhaust a very rapid rate in our environment, moreover, if we keep on continuously using them at such a broader rate then it will be a great threat for our future generation.

  • These resources are found in the form of minerals under the earth’s crust so first, they need to be extracted below the earth’s surface then we can make use of them after they replenish into the energy form.

                COMPARISON CHART

        Renewable vs Nonrenewable Resources

difference between renewable and nonrenewable resources

Basis of comparisonRenewable ResourcesNon-Renewable Resources
AvailabilityThese are such resources that are available in nature in abundant units.Nonrenewable resources are scarce quantity-wise.
EnrichmentThese resources exist in our environment in a free state, so it is easily accessible.As these resources are found in the form of minerals so refining needs to be followed first.
FormationAs we discuss above that they are readily available, so nothing much needs to be done in the formation of them as per the ecological process.Nonrenewable resources are present under the topmost layer of earth (crust) or below.
Eco-FriendlyRenewable resources are eco-friendly in surroundings.But nonrenewable resources increase the threat in the environment during the consumption of energy via such resources.
Expensive/ CheapThe production cost of energy from these resources is comparatively much cheaper.While the generation of energy via nonrenewable resources is so expensive because of their less amount of existence.
Time takenRenewable resources usually have no time limit or period set as they can be replenished at any time in vast units.  The time to be taken by the nonrenewable resource is in millennial years.
Repetitive UsageWe could use renewable resources again and again at (n) no. of time but that might not lead to sheer wastage of it.As we all know that that they are very scarce or lesser in quantity so we can’t make use of them unnecessarily.
E.g.Various examples of renewable resources are as like wind, water (hydro), ocean (tidal), land (geothermal), and many more.While as per nonrenewable resources coal, fossil fuel, crude oil, petroleum, and natural gas are some nonrenewable resources examples.

Types of Natural Resources (Energy)

Various types of energy that are found in our environment and atmosphere are as follows mentioned below:

  • Solar energy: Solar energy involves the engagement of UV (ultraviolet radiation) rays of the sun which enters into the earth’s atmosphere and these rays further needs to be replenished so to generate energy out of it while using few mechanisms which convert heat or thermal energy into electrical energy. Afterward, we would be able to procure this energy into the usage of various electrical appliances which makes our works easy.

  • Wind energy: Wind energy generates due to the movement of wind or air into FRO and back motion that are present within our atmosphere. Mankind built up huge windmills and around the structure, few blades are installed so whenever the wind blows the blades rotate and that’s how the wind power converts into electricity. Or even, in order to retrieve/ harness energy out of the wind power, turbines are used which actually generate electricity.

  • Hydro energy: Prior to water, the first thing that revolves around in our mind i.e. is water a renewable resource? So, without any doubt yes, it is. As, Hydro energy deals with water of flowing water bodies such as a river, lake, etc. This is one such energy that contributes a lot more part to the generation and supply of electricity to many household communities. The mechanism works with the involvement of turbine that works only by the force exerted by the power of water stream onto it and there how when its starts to rotate, the electricity generated or developed.

  • Tidal energy: Tidal energy is also known as wave energy because such an amount of energy is drawn by the wave currents has a lot of tendencies to generate electricity while driving the turbine’s generator. This energy depends overall on the flow of tides. As whenever huge tides form in the seas and ocean it runs the turbine and ceases afterward. So, the energy procurement process throughout the power of tides is not constant. Or, at times the people who live near beaches and marine areas need to compensate with the electricity whenever the tide current is low.

  • Biomass energy: Biomass energy is associatively generated with the organic matter that we get from plants and animals. So, this entire process works with the conversion of industrial and domestic waste like remains of crops, leaf, detached logs of tree wood into all such three states of matter. The power to be harnessed from biomass is not hazardous in respect of our surroundings and nature.

  • Geothermal energy: Geothermal energy is replenished below the earth’s surface from its core part. As we all know that our earth is being divided into three sub-parts crust, mantle, and core. So, the temperature of the earth under the ground is too high. You may hear about volcanoes, that contain magma (lava) which is nothing but the rocks in the molten state that comes from under the earth’s lap. At some places even we may come across some natural hot ponds and reservoirs which are built by nature itself so, we can directly make use of geothermal energy or by harnessing it via turbines generator for other purposes.



  • The upfront and hidden cost of renewable sources of energy that incurs in various steps as at the time of infrastructure plant installment or on certain tools, machinery, and equipment during the processing of energy are much higher whereas the energy that to be harnessed via non-renewable resources are cost-effective or not much amount of expenses occurs while processing nonrenewable resource of energy.

  • The energy to be furnished through Renewable resources can be restored for further usage in the future, on the other hand, we can’t able to restore nonrenewable resources energy as it is available in limited quantity.

  • Renewable source of energy has lesser amount of carbon emission so it won’t affect the environment in a larger way whereas if we talk about a nonrenewable resource than these produce a greater amount of emission of carbon which will badly impact our atmosphere during the processing of energy.

  • Renewable sources have an uncountable amount of supply because these resources are present all over the environment, On the contrary, nonrenewable resources exist in scarce quantity however they are not able to supply that much quantity.

  • The nonrenewable resource will get depleted over time being as once they get used will not be come in usage again so their depletion rate is much higher but in the case of renewable resources their depletion rate is too much low or we can also say that these are the resources that wouldn’t get depleted over time.

  • In terms of surface area than nonrenewable resources requires small pieces of land to harness the energy out of the resources but On the other hand, renewable resources are in need of a much greater amount of land because the production rate of energy via these resources are a bit lesser so in order to generate a massive amount of energy many windmills, certain solar panels needed to be installed which will cover huge surfaces of the area.

Renewable and nonrenewable resources both have their cons and pros in our environment which sometimes is proven to be beneficial or at times a threat towards nature power and our society that we are living in. Though, we need to take care of the fact that these resources are starting to “invisible” which means those days are not far when we will strive for these resources and there will not be enough resources for our coming generation to use thereon.

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